perfume bottle 300x225 Can Perfume Age Your Skin?.... Yes it canSkin ageing and pigmentation along the neck and decollatage area can occur from spraying fragrance directly to the skin. Many perfumes have photosensitisers otherwise known as fragrance fixatives.


These agents, when exposed to UV radiation, can cause irritation and inflammation to the skin which will lead to premature ageing and pigmentation in the skin. This can lead to a condition known as Poikiloderma- a mixture of capillaries, sun damage and pigmentation along the neck and decolletage.

Typically a solarium emits 97% UVA and 3% UVB at a more intense level than natural sunlight. UV light specifically is clearly associated with increased Skin Ageing & Sunspots (pigmentation)

UVA penetrates the skin more deeply than UVB leading to damage at a deeper level which leads to:

  • Deterioration of the skin
  • Premature ageing, wrinkling and loss of Elasticity
  • Reduced Collagen levels
  • Blotchiness and Pigmentation

UV Radiation breaks down collagen and elastin, the building blocks of your skin, and causes it to sag and wrinkle.

When skin is exposed to UV Radiation Melanin is produced and this causes the skin to darken. With excessive exposure this Melanin forms clusters which are visible on the skins surface, thus Pigmentation.

SOLARIUM 300x140 Solariums   Good or Bad?

suntan oil Are Chemical Products Contributing to Cancer?Always check the ingredient listings on the label

Physical and Chemical sunscreens contain some or all of the following ingredients:

Physical Sunscreens: Titanium Dioxide, Zinc Oxide, Zirconium Oxide

Chemical Sunscreens: PABA, Octyl Methoxycinnamate, Oxygenzone, Butyl Methoxydibenzoylmethane, Benzophenone, Avobenzene

The chemicals in chemical based sunscreens are able to reach the bloodstream and found in the liver within 72hrs of application.

Most chemical sunscreens contain, as UVA and UVB blockers, from 2 to 5% of compounds such avobenzone, benzophenone, ethylhexyl p-methoxycinnimate, 2-ethylhexyl salicylate, homosalate, octyl methoxycinnamate, oxybenzone (benzophenone-3) as the active ingredients.Benzophenone (and similar compounds) is one of the most powerful free radical generators known. It is used in industrial processes as a free radical generator to initiate chemical reactions. Benzophenone is activated by ultraviolet light energy that breaks benzophenone’s double bond to produce two free radical sites. The free radicals then react with other molecules and produce damage to the fats, proteins, and DNA of the cells – the types of damage that produce skin aging and the development of cancer.


In March 1998, Dr. John Knowland of the University of Oxford reported studies showing that certain sunscreens containing PABA and its derivatives can damage DNA, at least in the test tube experiments. When a chemical sunscreen, Padimate-O, was added to DNA and the mixture exposed to the ultraviolet rays of sunlight, it was found that the sunscreen broke down in sunlight, releasing highly active agents that could damage DNA. It did not block out the UV, but instead absorbed energy. “It became excited and set off a chemical reaction that resulted in the generation of the dangerous free radicals and broken DNA strands that can lead to cancer,” he said and further commented that while it’s too early to make blanket recommendations, “I would not use a product containing PABA, Padimate-O or other PABA derivatives.” Dr. Martin Rieger reported that PABA may play a role in DNA-dimer formation, a type of DNA damage that can induce carcinogenic changes.


In 1997, Europe, Canada, and Australia changed sunscreens to use three specific active sunscreen ingredients – avobenzone (also known as Parsol 1789), titanium dioxide, and zinc oxide – as the basis of sunscreens. In the USA, the cosmetic companies have held off this policy as they try to sell off their stockpiles of cosmetics containing toxic sunscreens banned in other countries. However, avobenzone is a powerful free radical generator and also should have been banned. Avobenzone is easily absorbed through the epidermis and is still a chemical that absorbs ultraviolet radiation energy. Since it cannot destroy this energy, it has to convert the light energy into chemical energy, which is normally released as free radicals. While it blocks long-wave UVA, it does not effectively UVB or short-wave UVA radiation, and is usually combined with other sunscreen chemicals to produce a “broad-spectrum” product. In sunlight, avobenzone degrades and becomes ineffective within about 1 hour.

Do Chemical Sunscreens Increase Cancer?

Worldwide, the greatest rise in melanoma has been experienced in countries where chemical sunscreens have been heavily promoted The rise in melanoma has been exceptionally high in Queensland, Australia where the medical establishment has vigorously promoted the use of sunscreens. Queensland now has more incidences of melanoma per capita than any other place on Earth. (Garland, Cedric F., et al. Could sunscreens increase melanoma risk? American Journal of Public Health, Vol. 82, No. 4, April 1992, pp. 614-15).

Dr. Gordon Ainsleigh in California believes that the use of sunscreens causes more cancer deaths than it prevents. He estimates that the 17% increase in breast cancer observed between 1981 and 1992 may be the result of the pervasive use of sunscreens over the past decade (Ainsleigh, H. Gordon. Beneficial effects of sun exposure on cancer mortality. Preventive Medicine, Vol. 22, February 1993, pp. 132-40). Recent studies have also shown a higher rate of melanoma among men who regularly use sunscreens and a higher rate of basal cell carcinoma among women using sunscreens (Garland, Cedric F. et al. Effect of sunscreens on UV radiation-induced enhancement of melanoma growth in mice. Journal of the National Cancer Institute, Vol. 86, No. 10, May 18, 1994, pp. 798-801 :Larsen, H.R. “Sunscreens: do they cause skin cancer.” International Journal of Alternative & Complementary Medicine, 1994; 12(12): 17-19; Farmer K.C. & Naylor, M.F. “Sun exposure, sunscreens, and skin cancer prevention: a year-round concern.” Ann Pharmacother, 1996; 30(6):662-73)

Drs. Cedric and Frank Garland of the University of California have pointed out that while sunscreens do protect against sunburn, there is no scientific proof that they protect against melanoma or basal cell carcinoma in humans (Garland, C.F., et al. “Could sunscreens increase melanoma risk?” American Journal of Public Health, 1992; 82(4): 614-615.) The Garlands believe that the increased use of chemical sunscreens is the primary cause of the skin cancer epidemic. There is, however, some evidence that regular use of sunscreens helps prevent the formation of actinic keratoses, the precursors of squamous cell carcinoma (Dover, Jeffrey S. & Arndt, Kenneth A. Dermatology. Journal of the American Medical Association, Vol. 271, No. 21, June 1, 1994, pp. 1662-63).

In February 1998, epidemiologist Marianne Berwick of Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center in New York presented a careful analysis of data on sunscreen use and skin cancer at the annual meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. Sunscreens may not protect against skin cancer, including melanoma, she concluded. “We don’t really know whether sunscreens prevent skin cancer,” said Berwick. She looked first at four studies of squamous cell cancer, a cancer that appears on the head, neck, and arms but is usually not lethal. Two of the studies concluded that sunscreen protected against a skin condition thought to precede squamous cell cancer while two other studies reported that sunscreen did not shield people from this type of skin cancer. She then analyzed two studies of basal cell carcinoma, another nonlethal skin cancer that is the most common form of skin cancer and appears most frequently on the head, neck, and arms. Those two studies found that people who used sunscreen were more likely to develop basal cell cancer than people who did not. She then analyzed 10 studies of melanoma, the skin cancer is the most deadly. Melanoma often starts in or near moles on the skin. In five of the melanoma studies, people who used sunscreen were more likely than nonusers to develop melanoma. In three of the studies, there was no association between sunscreen use and melanoma. In the final two studies, people who used sunscreen seemed to be protected. (Source: Science News, Vol. 153, No. 23, June 6, 1998, p. 360).

“After examining the available epidemiological data and conducting our own large case-control population-based study, we have found no relationship between sunscreen use at any age and the development of melanoma skin cancer,” said Dr. Berwick. Although sunscreens do prevent sunburn, Dr. Berwick concluded that sunburn itself is not the direct cause of cancer. Dr. Berwick objected to the universal blanket advice about using sunscreens during all time spent outdoors.

Dr. Berwick previously conducted a 1996 study that found no link between sunscreen use at any age and the development of melanoma. The same study also found no relationship between a history of sunburn and the development of melanoma. Berwick continued saying that the relationship between sunscreen use and the development of skin cancer is complicated by evidence that people who are sensitive to the sun engage in fewer activities in the bright sun and wear sunscreen when they do. But if these people develop melanoma, it may be because they are genetically susceptible and likely to develop skin cancer regardless of the amount of sunlight exposure or protection from sunscreen.

“Based on the evidence, we conclude that sunburn itself probably does not cause melanoma, but that it is an important sign of excessive sun exposure particularly among those who are genetically susceptible because of their skin-type,” said Dr. Berwick. The melanoma risk for people with numerous moles was six times higher than that of someone with only a few moles. Persons most at risk for melanoma are those with red or blond hair and lighter colored eyes. Such light-skinned people have almost six times more melanoma than persons with darker skin. “The evidence indicates that chronic sun exposure may be protective for the development of melanoma because the skin has adapted to the sun, having become thicker as it has tanned. On the other hand, intermittent sun exposure appears to increase risk, making it much less protective,” added Dr. Berwick. “People need to focus on their individual risk characteristics, such as their pigmentary phenotype, their family history, and the type and number of moles they have. I recommend that people avoid the sun when they are clearly at high risk and that they should enjoy a reasonable amount of outdoor activities with less anxiety when they are clearly at reduced risk,” advised Dr. Berwick.

After Dr. Berwick’s presentation of this data, the American Academy of Dermatology (ADA) issued a press release attacking her work. The then president of the ADA insulted her as a “number crunching scientist”. But then, all scientists spend a lot of time crunching numbers.

Studies have found that the incidence of skin cancers has increased even as sunscreens have become popular among fair-skinned people. The establishment answer to this increase in the cancer rate is that wearing sunscreen makes people stay in the sun too long. A study by Drs. Mike Brown (Kate Law of the Cancer Research Campaign) Philippe Autier (European Institute of Oncology in Milan) reported that children using sunscreen returned from holiday with more skin moles – a possible sign of increased cancer risk. Some say that people who wore higher factor sunscreens tend to stay out in sunlight much longer, because they fell protected. However, others have pointed out that if sunscreen chemicals were protective, the factors of longer sun exposure would be somewhat countered by the sunscreen’s supposed protective actions.


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Pigmentation occurs in the skin due to UV, (sun & snow), birth control/hormones and there is also post acne pigmentation. Pigmentation inhibitors are recommended which is a combination of lightning and brightening formulas that work together to attack melanin formation.

Skin cells need to turn over to get rid of pigmentation and it needs to be done without inflammation otherwise you may cause even more pigmentation. Chirally corrected ingredients leave no toxic build up, clean up pigmentation and prevent future damage. Some of the main ingredients required to help this process are:

  • Tyrostat
  • Azalaic Acid
  • Liquorice Root
  • Mulberry
  • L-Lactic
  • Willow Herb

These are only some ingredients that should be in your skincare boosters to help prevent and reduce pigmentation. Pigmentation or melanin inhibitors come in the form of serum; recommendation is to be used daily and is generally applied underneath an SPF.

sunspotbeforeafter1 Pigmentation










pigmentationCase2 Pigmentation








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Current research has conclusively proven that Chemical sunscreens act by absorbing UV light for a limited period (related to the SPF factor). These chemicals are able to reach the bloodstream and are found in the liver 72 hours after application.

sunscreen Choosing Sunblock UVA/UVB  Physical or Chemical

Physical sunscreens, on the other hand, act by adhering to the surface of the skin and physically reflecting all the harmful rays (UVA/UVB). They are not absorbed into the bloodstream. Physical provides a total sunblock, provided they are not removed from the surface of the skin.

The general rule with physical sunblock is “You move it, you loose it” Although physical sunscreens are water resistant, it is generally recommended that they be reapplied every 80 minutes to account for incidental bodily activities such as rubbing or excessive perspiration

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Environmental damage to our skin occurs in and out doors. Environmental damage can sabotage any effort you have put in and comes in many forms such as:

  • Pollution
  • Smoking and Exposure to smoke
  • Unstable Oxygen Molecules commonly known as Free Radicals

Free Radical generators include UV rays, Computers, TV’s, Petrochemicals, Mobile Phones etc as well as some components in foods that we eat. We cannot prevent Free Radical formation but we can prevent the damage it inflicts on our skin and bodies with the use of Antioxidants.

wrinkle before after UV Exposure   Indoor and Outdoor

Four Tips To Prevent Environmental Skin Damage

Your skin is very sensitive to the environment around you. Much damage is caused by several elements that sometimes you can’t control. Dryness, pH disruptions, oil production, and hyper pigmentation are all caused by the environment. All of these problems lead to pre-mature aging, which no one wants to go through. To keep your skin young and moisturized, there are ways to prevent the damage. Read on to learn four tips to prevent premature aging caused by the environment.

Tip #1: Prevent Sun Damage

The sun, as we all have heard, can have some very harmful effects on the skin. Regardless of the season, it still reaches the skin and cause problems, such as sunburns, sunspots, extreme dryness, and leathery textured skin. This is one of the biggest environmental issues the skin has to deal with. UV rays can cause skin cancer to develop, as moles and freckles appear more often and darker.

It is wise to use a facial moisturizer that has SPF protection in it already, so that you won’t have to remember sunscreen everyday. Wear a hat when you are outside for added protection.

Tip #2: Prevent Wind Damage

Harsh wind can lead to premature aging because of the wrinkles it can cause. When the wind brushes your face, it strips it of its natural oils, exposing it to irritation. This is what causes the wrinkles.

Tip #3: Prevent Damage from Water Contamination

Hard water is water with higher than normal levels of calcium and magnesium. Although minerals are great, when there is too much in your water, it will dry out your skin and leave a residue on the surface. Premature aging is stimulated by the dryness and the mineral residue on the face which leads to wrinkles and skin pigmentation, or age spots.

Equipping your home with a reverse osmosis filter can remove the chlorine from your water before it ever touches your skin. It eliminates the minerals that cause the skin to dry, and therefore alleviating you from dry skin.

Tip #4: Prevent Damage from Air Pollution

The contaminants in the air around us interfere with the skin’s normal pH. It can cause it to become acid or alkaline, depending on the type of pollutant the skin is exposed to. This is followed by an abnormal release in oils from the skin, which is actually our skin’s natural defense. The body’s natural detoxification system is impaired, leading to acne. Pollutants in the air also encourage free radicals, which speed up aging.

Anti Aging Skin Care

For anti aging skin care to fight off the effects of the environment around you, choose products that contain cell renewal agents. People with sun damaged skin, which includes most people at some level or another, products containing cell renewal agents are also crucial for rebuilding the damaged cells. Also, skin care products with extremely high quality moisturizers become increasingly important as the years go by. .

Your skin is extremely vulnerable to damage. Exposed skin, like that on your face and hands, is especially susceptible to harm. There are many environmental factors that can cause damage your skin and ultimately lead to wrinkles. In addition to the list above:

  • Exposure to light rays, such as ultraviolet light found in ordinary sunshine, can cause your skin to wrinkle prematurely.
  • Even ordinary expressions, such as a frown or a smile, can have a detrimental effect on your skin.

No matter how good you feel, having damaged skin can result in wrinkles and creases on your face and arms. Wrinkles can make you look much older than you actually are.

anti aging wrinkle creams1 UV Exposure   Indoor and Outdoor

Repairing damaged skin used to be a complicated proposition that involved either painful injections that froze the muscles of the face or costly surgeries to lift sagging skin. These techniques for fighting the appearance of aging were out of reach for most ordinary people.

Fortunately, you can now address your skin’s premature aging in a much more convenient and cost effective manner. New products can dramatically soften and hydrate your skin without invasive surgery or uncomfortable injections. It is possible to look as young as you feel!

Some features that you should look for when selecting an anti-aging formula include:

Fast-acting. You shouldn’t wait weeks or months before seeing results.
Anti-oxidants. Anti-oxidants can boost your skin’s natural defences against aging.
Proven. You should be able to find reviews and testimonials from consumers.
Convenient. Your anti-aging product should be easy to apply.
Evidence. Look for evidence, such as a photo study, that the product is effective.

You want to look as healthy as you feel. You want to be confident whenever you enter a new situation that you look your very best. The new generation of skin care products makes it possible for you to reduce wrinkles and other signs of aging in a way that was not possible before.

For help with choosing the best product for you please contact our team

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….The A, B, C’s

beautiful skin1 257x300 Antioxidants   Vitamins A, B & CThere are 3 active vitamins that are essential to the function of your skin Vitamin A, B & C. Each Vitamin plays an important role in the life of a skin cell. Especially as an Antioxidant

Vitamin A, can dramatically smooth away fine lines, plump out deep set wrinkles, retexturise & refine the skins surface and when it comes to an acne skin it can regulate oil flow, restore a healthy glow to a sallow devitalized complexion & reduce the appearance of deep scarring.

Retinol is ideal for the treatment & management of: Photo-Damage, Pigmentation, Problem Skin and Oily, Congested skin.

Vitamin B, known as Niacinamide, reduces inflammation, helps prevent trans-epidermal water loss, provides powerful Anti-Oxidant protection & stimulates cellular growth.

Niacinamide is ideal for the treatment & management of: Hyperpigmentation, Sun Damage, Rosacea, Acne & Dehydration

Vitamin C, also known as L-Ascorbic Acid, brightens the skin, increases the skins ability to resist sun damage & acts as a powerful Anti-Oxidant that can repair the look & feel of environmentally damaged skin.

Vitamin C is ideal for the treatment of: Hyperpigmentation, Photodamage, Asphyxiated Skin and Menopausal Skin.

We believe the application of Vitamins on the skin is an important step toward a healthier, more radiant looking skin that actually functions properly!fresh fruit1 Antioxidants   Vitamins A, B & C

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